We do not know what it is we do not know until it comes time to realize that that which we did not know has had a detrimental effect on our life.
It is odd that we would come into the world and accept what our parents, the clergy, and those in Government have told us trusting. Most of us do not have a diabolical mind and are trusting that those in authority have had our best interest at heart has been detrimental to our experience of Life. Why have we forgone the Intelligence of the Heart for a Belief System designed to Bind the Mind and Capture the Heart of Humanity?
If we pray to a “Heavenly Father” then we do not know who and what we are and our identity has been hijacked. When we are praying to some Higher Power outside of the self to grant us favors we are thereby giving our power away to a Higher Power.
We are born into a family with cultural and religious beliefs and indoctrinated into the customes of this culture and/or religion. We are taugh these stories and beliefs by our parents, by politicians, by clerge etc. without evaluating what we are being told. As a child ie/I questioned what ie/I was being told by the Sunday School Teacher as ie/I had my own experienced that made me question all of it.
Now as ie/i sit her as a Self Realized being of Light and Love and the Source for Love it is my observation that when we pray to and are in worship to a God such as Jehovah/Yah/Yahweh/Allah/Jesus/Lucifer/Satan/Ba’al/Moloch, or any other Deity or God we are in fact giving over our Sovereignty and Autonomy as the Source of our own life and the Source for Love to this Higher Being outside of the self. There is no higher being then me or you, there is not such thing as a Higher Being ourside of ourself.
Through the process of registartion and indoctrination into these belief systems our identy is stolen from us. This system of registration into the Crown Society and registration into a Religion have/has been created by Sorcerers. All Religions have the same Source. Those that created Relistion are Pirates and they are not Sovereign and “Know not what they do”.
It was not easy to after my 3rd Eye and Heart Awakening which came in the form or a Life Review to realize the corruption of this world. With eyes to see and ears to hear it was devastating to realize that nothing of this world is as it appears and people have a Right, rite, to know the truth.
It is a well known fact that the so called “Royal Family” is not British. The dynasty is originally of German paternal descent and was a branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, itself derived from the House of Wettin, which succeeded the House of Hanover to the British monarchy following the accession of King Edward VII, son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
That which has hijacked the Human Psyche and corrupted our heart, mind, and spirit giving them control over humanity is far reaching…and cannot be isolated. This War(wor)ship infiltrated into Spain gaining momentum as they recruited and indoctrinated men into their cult. The schmucks that became Spanish Conquistadors were ignorant to the fact they had given over their sovereignty and autonomy to their Master. The Mayan Culture had already been infected and corrupted by Wetiko. The conversion of the Mayan Culture by the Blood Thirsty Spanish Conquistadors and conversion to Christendom was seamless.
The Same Deity by different names is distinguishable by and through the deeds he insists upon. Always this God’s demand blood sacrifice. As is the case with many other contemporary Mesoamerican religions, it results from centuries of symbiosis with Roman Catholicism. When its pre-Spanish antecedents are taken into account, however, traditional Maya religion has already existed for more than two millennia as a recognizably distinct phenomenon. Before the advent of Christianity, it was spread over many Indigenous Territories (Kingdoms) all after their own local traditions.
Understanding how they’re doing it exactly is the only way we can thwart their plans and put an end to the assault against the Breath of Life. It is important to make people aware of The actual control behind the Controllers of Humanity is the Deity behind the making of the Papal Bloodline. These folks are being manipulated by their God (Marduk, Moloch, Odin, Lucifer/Satan) or what ever other name this Deity of War wishes to call himself and his alters whom always calls for blood sacrifice to grant those that call upon him for “special favors”.
The Papal Bloodlines, have spawned sub-lineages and change their names often to Hide Their True Identity. Their sorcery has reached in and snatched the sensibilities of mankind. There revere anyone not in their Bloodline as disposable. Actually they do have individuals in their lineage considered in the Lower Rungs to be breed and used up in their Satanic Rituals.
Saturnalian Brotherhood – The 13 Jesuit/Papal Bloodlines:
• House of Borja
• House of Breakspeare
• House of Somaglia
• House of Orsini
• House of Conti
• House of Chigi
• House of Colonna
• House of Farnese
• House of Medici
• House of Gaetani
• House of Pamphili
• House of Este
• House of Aldobrandini
These families have been using witchcraft and sorcery for far too long and yes it is true “all roads do led to Rome”. It is everyone’s right to know how they have been using symbolism and seals to exert their will upon the hearts and minds of the unaware. They call us the illiterate for not knowing. Yet, once their tricks are revealed they loose their magic.
The following image is the Coat of Arms of these leading Papal Families:
Adopted from Roman Law there are 3 levels of Capitis Diminutio(Minima,Media,Maxima(minimum,medium, maximum respectively))
Capitis Minima = minimal loss of rights (John Doe)
Capitis Media = partial loss of rights (John DOE)
Capitis Maxima = full loss of rights (JOHN DOE)
When the parents or parent have a child in a hospital, the parent(s) fill out a Registration of Live Birth/registrar. The mother and or father name the child. This is or was the lawful name or surname & given name(s) also referred to as the Christian Name.
The State or Province take that name and capitalize it. If the state or province is in debt, the name is entirely capitalized, if the state or province is not, then just the last name is capitalized.
This is how the freeborn child has been “legally” and “lawfully” sold into slavery according to the system that has been created and unknowingly supported by those that came before us in exchange for benefits like child tax credit, welfare, free health care (Canada), school, etc. Yet, the benefits are not really beneficial at all as being registered is an open license to be raped, tortured, poison, robbed, and killed. The entire system has been built on illegitimate claims, fraud, embezzlement, entrapment, and extortion. This alleged debt does not really exist.
Of course because of the Federal reserve, since all money is loaned at interest all states and the Country as a whole is always in debt and your name will always be capitalized.
e.g. Parents name the child: John, Doe.
Gov’t copies the name: DOE, John. (Non bankrupt gov’t).
Gov’t copies the name: DOE, JOHN. (bankrupt gov’t).
John, Doe = words capitalized on by parents to create a label or name. Free man-on-the-land.
DOE, John = Officer or agent of the Gov’t who received the benefit of CitizenSHIP. Maritime Admiralty law. You now reside on the Corporateship. Resident, Passport, passing from the port to another ship all by word magick.
DOE, JOHN or JOHN DOE = slave, no more birthrights, just privileges granted & taken away by the gov’t which requires licences & permission for just about everything.
The gov’t takes the birth certificate and deposits it in its Treasury, and then takes out a bond based on future taxes that can be collected. This allows the alleged bankrupt gov’t to borrow money from the IMF, international monetary fund.
So the sneaky gov’t gets you to voluntarily fill out a Social Security/Social Insurance form to get an employee number for the IRS/CRA (Internal Revenue Service/Canadian Revenue Agency). These Institutions are ‘owned’ by the same Crown. All BAR (British AAttorneys are secured through their contract with the BAR (British Accreditation Registry). Their alleged Queen is not really British at all besides she is subservient to the actual Crown (Crown of Ba’al) Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bar_(law)
You need this number to access benefits like Unemployment Insurance or Student Loans.
You become an employee of the IMF (International Monetary Fund)/Federal Government. Most are unaware that they are employee’s to an Off Shore Entity making this piracy. These pirates are stealing the peoples wealth the ones standing on the land.
All Birth Certificates are written on Exchequer (EXCHEQUECHER) bank note paper owned by the Crown. The corporation of the United States is registered at the Inner City of London England a Roman Enclave of the Vatican. Canada & Australia are registered on the United States Security & Exchange (SEC). We were born free, they want us to think that we are slaves when in fact they are committing fraud and identity theft. We have been lied to and lead down a path of criminality. We did not know. Now that we know we can choose to not participate in these crimes. In the past we thought that the forms that they gave us to fill out were legitimate when they are not. Gov’t created Identification is property of the government, the State, or Province who created the document, it has the intellectual property rights claim to it yet these documents are grammatically incorrect. JOHN DOE is the name that they gave us as a Legal Name. It is supposedly our SLAVE name (slave name). You are supposedly its authorized representative, its agent in commerce. Yet, if we use it we are committing a fraud.
Read the fine print on your checks signature.
Free people use an autograph, agents use a signature. Everything you own & have is registered in that slave name, not the name your parents gave you.
Our only one and true identification is our thumb print.
However all of this was done in fraud and you can contract your way back out if you search for the knowledge in a legal library via your gov’ts statutes & codes.
How could “Nelson Rockefellar” not “Nelson ROCKEFELLER”, or “NELSON ROCKEFELLER” testify before congress, that he pays no income tax? Cause he’s seen as a Free Man, and we are not seen as free. It must be noted herein that every agent for the Crown is involved in this fraud and involved in this identity theft some are aware of it and others seem to be blind to it.
These pirates hold the liability for the crimes being committed. Please if you find it hard to believe this please research it yourself. May those that believe in the Class-cast system to be true recover their Hearts Intelligence so that we can all move on. When one family member lies to another for eons then eventually after centuries gets caught in their lies, deceit, and criminality what is the honorable thing to do?
Is it possible for the lairs to be honorable?
What does integrity and morality look like?
The problem is there are many within the system that are blind to how the system actually works. Perhaps the designers of this system have devised those “working” in the system to hide the fraud they are running.
It seems there are well meaning individuals within the system that know the system is broken yet are unaware that the “Justice” system was designed by diabolical narcissist.
In the following video Sidney Powell having practices law for many years, primarily in the fifth U.S. circuit court of appeals speaks of the corruption in the “Justice System”.
It is my wish that everyone receives a 3rd Eye and Heart Awakening to give them the Eyes to See and the Ears to Hear and the Heart that knows the Truth when they read and hear it.
It is through education that we will recover dominion over our own life.
The reason why “DOG-LATIN”, “Dog-Latin” is used to deceive the public, is because, as a foreign written language, it resembles English text closer than any other written foreign text, it has deceived the best of the best.
EVEN THOUGH YOU ASSUME YOU CAN READ THIS TEXT AS ENGLISH, grammatically, it’s impossible, and this is how “their” Law is a “presumption”, because there are Hidden Grammatical Rules when it comes to the written language by those that believe them and apparently it grammatically does not exist.
If you do not believe me go to the Oxford Dictionary of Styles and proper grammar and the use of all upper case letters.
Please watch the following video:
The People Fighting in Wars are not actually Fighting for Money, or Gold, or Oil, or Drugs. For the Papal Bloodline War is All About Corrupting the Spirit and Harvesting Energy to prevent the Shift In Consciousness. The Papal Bloodline are the Bankers. They created the System(s) Driving Society, they Created the idea of Government, they Created Mans Laws, these Dark Occultist are the ones that Create Money out of nothing, the idea of Money is Made out of Thin Air, they then use paper and ink to create this thing called “Bank Notes” aka “Currency” aka “Money”. Over time the Banking Industry evolved into what it is today with its Fraudulent Contracting. All Bankers are committing fraud, embezzlement, entrapment, and extortion. It is all One Big Conspiracy. They have been conspiring to deplete our experience of life. They have Committed Identity Theft on a Massive Scale. A Conspiracy to Commit a Crime is in itself a Crime.
The Poor Schmucks the men and women whom are Murdering for a Paycheck are “blind to what they are doing”, yet there are many Occultists that do know what they are doing and have signed up for the Military as an “Obedient and Most Worshipful Servant” to their Master(s) these ones as a result of their Indoctrination into the “Illuminati”, “Babylonian Draconian Luciferian Roman Cult”are Clinically and Criminally Insane. It must not be over looked that None of Them are of Sound Mind are not of Sound Mind. Life times of Social Engineer and Religious Indoctrination has/have rendered us all incapable of Thinking Clearly and Critically.
We have all been lied to and duped and manipulated by Politicians, by Church Leaders, by what the people working for Mainstream Media tell us. We are held to Lower States of Consciousness when we accept what is told to us. Even our Parents are lying to us and on the most part they do not know it.
When those of us that find ourselves on the Battle Field and are then given an Order to go into homes and murder the families living in them what goes through our head and what goes through our heart? As Military Men and Women trained to follow orders without question even if it goes against our better judgment do we have the emotional and spiritual intelligence to say, “no”?
So many military men and women come home from the Battle Field their lives shattered as a result of not fully comprehending what is motivating to their actions and the consequence of the Horrors of War.
It has been stated, “nearly all the Members of my Platoon has Committed Suicide. They knew what they did was wrong and they could not live with what they were ordered to do”.
Those that have wilfully given over their Will to their Master giving the orders and their Master(s) giving them the orders must be exposed and Held Liable and Held Accountable for corrupting our Experience of Life.
The Horrors of War are quite deliberate by those that Worship their God of War. The Horrors of War (rape, torture, murder) paedophilia, as well As Satanic Ritual Abuse and Sacrifice is all about Fracturing the Spirit (Ego Personality). They call it, “Spirit Cooking”. All killing is murder and all murder is a Blood Sacrifice to their God with many names. Our way of Experiencing Life has been Corrupted for a very very very Long Time.
Any One of Sound Mind and Intellect, with Intelligence once they have been made aware of the Jesuit Oath of Office, and have been given the opportunity to know how they have been deceived as a result of centuries of lies would denounce being a Catholic and/or any other member of an Organized Religion. No true Christian would accept violence as a viable way to ensure a Healthy Well Balance Society based in honesty and integrity with people having strong ethical and moral values.
Meaning of Sound Mind: legally, having the capacity to think, reason, and understand for oneself. Adults by nature are considered in general to be of Sound Mind, but through certain circumstances can be rendered as being not in Sound Mind, due to major incapacities, and/or due to chemical and/or physical Brain Damage; chemical and metal Brain Damage interfering with Brain Function and Cognition is induced both externally and internally. Brain Damaging chemicals and metals have been introduced into the Body by Government Controlled Institutions in various known and unknown ways, and the Brain Function can be compromised when Self Medicating. Brain Damage can occur internally as a result of Oxygen Deprivation and Brain Function and Cognition can be compromised as a result of emotional, psychological, and physical trauma causing an imbalance to the Endocrine and Central Nervous System during these events. It must be noted that chemical and metal Brain Damage effecting cognition has not been widely recognize in todays Medical Community. It has been my experience that the Brain Injury Society looks more for Physical Injury such as a concussion and does not look for Gen Anomalies, and/or any other Birth Defect resulting in a Deficiency in Cognition, and/or Damage Caused as the result of a Nervous System Breakdowns.
Jesuit Extreme Oath of Induction
The Jesuit Oath:
“When a Jesuit of the minor rank is to be elevated to command, he is conducted into the Chapel of the Convent of the Order, where there are only three others present, the principal or Superior standing in front of the altar. On either side stands a monk, one of whom holds a banner of yellow and white, which are the Papal colors, and the other a black banner with a dagger and red cross above a skull and crossbones, with the word INRI, and below them the words IUSTUM, NECAR, REGES, IMPIOUS. The meaning of which is: It is just to exterminate or annihilate impious or heretical Kings, Governments, or Rulers. Upon the floor is a red cross at which the postulant or candidate kneels. The Superior hands him a small black crucifix, which he takes in his left hand and presses to his heart, and the Superior at the same time presents to him a dagger, which he grasps by the blade and holds the point against his heart, the Superior still holding it by the hilt, and thus addresses the postulant:”
My son, heretofore you have been taught to act the dissembler: among Roman Catholics to be a Roman Catholic, and to be a spy even among your own brethren; to believe no man, to trust no man. Among the Reformers, to be a reformer; among the Huguenots, to be a Huguenot; among the Calvinists, to be a Calvinist; among other Protestants, generally to be a Protestant, and obtaining their confidence, to seek even to preach from their pulpits, and to denounce with all the vehemence in your nature our Holy Religion and the Pope; and even to descend so low as to become a Jew among Jews, that you might be enabled to gather together all information for the benefit of your Order as a faithful soldier of the Pope.
You have been taught to insidiously plant the seeds of jealousy and hatred between communities, provinces, states that were at peace, and incite them to deeds of blood, involving them in war with each other, and to create revolutions and civil wars in countries that were independent and prosperous, cultivating the arts and the sciences and enjoying the blessings of peace. To take sides with the combatants and to act secretly with your brother Jesuit, who might be engaged on the other side, but openly opposed to that with which you might be connected, only that the Church might be the gainer in the end, in the conditions fixed in the treaties for peace and that the end justifies the means.
You have been taught your duty as a spy, to gather all statistics, facts and information in your power from every source; to ingratiate yourself into the confidence of the family circle of Protestants and heretics of every class and character, as well as that of the merchant, the banker, the lawyer, among the schools and universities, in parliaments and legislatures, and the judiciaries and councils of state, and to be all things to all men, for the Pope’s sake, whose servants we are unto death.
You have received all your instructions heretofore as a novice, a neophyte, and have served as co-adjurer, confessor and priest, but you have not yet been invested with all that is necessary to command in the Army of Loyola in the service of the Pope. You must serve the proper time as the instrument and executioner as directed by your superiors; for none can command here who has not consecrated his labors with the blood of the heretic; for “without the shedding of blood no man can be saved.” Therefore, to fit yourself for your work and make your own salvation sure, you will, in addition to your former oath of obedience to your order and allegiance to the Pope, repeat after me—
The Extreme Oath of the Jesuits:
“1, _ now, in the presence of Almighty God, the Blessed Virgin Mary, the blessed Michael the Archangel, the blessed St. John the Baptist, the holy Apostles St. Peter and St. Paul and all the saints and sacred hosts of heaven, and to you, my ghostly father, the Superior General of the Society of Jesus, founded by St. Ignatius Loyola in the Pontificate of Paul the Third, and continued to the present, do by the womb of the virgin, the matrix of God, and the rod of Jesus Christ, declare and swear, that his holiness the Pope is Christ’s Vice-regent and is the true and only head of the Catholic or Universal Church throughout the earth; and that by virtue of the keys of binding and loosing, given to his Holiness by my Savior, Jesus Christ, he hath power to depose heretical kings, princes, states, commonwealths and governments, all being illegal without his sacred confirmation and that they may safely be destroyed. Therefore, to the utmost of my power I shall and will defend this doctrine of his Holiness’ right and custom against all usurpers of the heretical or Protestant authority whatever, especially the Lutheran of Germany, Holland, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, and the now pretended authority and churches of England and Scotland, and branches of the same now established in Ireland and on the Continent of America and elsewhere; and all adherents in regard that they be usurped and heretical, opposing the sacred Mother Church of Rome. I do now renounce and disown any allegiance as due to any heretical king, prince or state named Protestants or Liberals, or obedience to any of the laws, magistrates or officers.
I do further declare that the doctrine of the churches of England and Scotland, of the Calvinists, Huguenots and others of the name Protestants or Liberals to be damnable and they themselves damned who will not forsake the same.
I do further declare, that I will help, assist, and advise all or any of his Holiness’ agents in any place wherever I shall be, in Switzerland, Germany, Holland, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, England, Ireland or America, or in any other Kingdom or territory I shall come to, and do my uttermost to extirpate the heretical Protestants or Liberals’ doctrines and to destroy all their pretended powers, regal or otherwise.
I do further promise and declare, that notwithstanding I am dispensed with, to assume my religion heretical, for the propaganda of the Mother Church’s interest, to keep secret and private all her agents’ counsels from time to time, as they may entrust me and not to divulge, directly or indirectly, by word, writing or circumstance whatever; but to execute all that shall be proposed, given in charge or discovered unto me, by you, my ghostly father, or any of this sacred covenant.
I do further promise and declare, that I will have no opinion or will of my own, or any mental reservation whatever, even as a corpse or cadaver (perinde ac cadaver), but will unhesitatingly obey each and every command that I may receive from my superiors in the Militia of the Pope and of Jesus Christ.
That I may go to any part of the world withersoever I may be sent, to the frozen regions of the North, the burning sands of the desert of Africa, or the jungles of India, to the centers of civilization of Europe, or to the wild haunts of the barbarous savages of America, without murmuring or repining, and will be submissive in all things whatsoever communicated to me.
I furthermore promise and declare that I will, when opportunity present, make and wage relentless war, secretly or openly, against all heretics, Protestants and Liberals, as I am directed to do, to extirpate and exterminate them from the face of the whole earth; and that I will spare neither age, sex or condition; and that I will hang, waste, boil, flay, strangle and bury alive these infamous heretics, rip up the stomachs and wombs of their women and crush their infants’ heads against the walls, in order to annihilate forever their execrable race. That when the same cannot be done openly, I will secretly use the poisoned cup, the strangulating cord, the steel of the poniard or the leaden bullet, regardless of the honor, rank, dignity, or authority of the person or persons, whatever may be their condition in life, either public or private, as I at any time may be directed so to do by any agent of the Pope or Superior of the Brotherhood of the Holy Faith, of the Society of Jesus.
In confirmation of which, I hereby dedicate my life, my soul and all my corporal powers, and with this dagger which I now receive, I will subscribe my name written in my own blood, in testimony thereof; and should I prove false or weaken in my determination, may my brethren and fellow soldiers of the Militia of the Pope cut off my hands and my feet, and my throat from ear to ear, my belly opened and sulphur burned therein, with all the punishment that can be inflicted upon me on earth and my soul be tortured by demons in an eternal hell forever!
All of which, I, _, do swear by the Blessed Trinity and blessed Sacraments, which I am now to receive, to perform and on my part to keep inviolable; and do call all the heavenly and glorious host of heaven to witness the blessed Sacrament of the Eucharist, and witness the same further with my name written and with the point of this dagger dipped in my own blood and sealed in the face of this holy covenant.”
(He receives the wafer from the Superior and writes his name with the point of his dagger dipped in his own blood taken from over his heart.)
“You will now rise to your feet and I will instruct you in the Catechism necessary to make yourself known to any member of the Society of Jesus belonging to this rank.
In the first place, you, as a Brother Jesuit, will with another mutually make the ordinary sign of the cross as any ordinary Roman Catholic would; then one cross his wrists, the palms of his hands open, and the other in answer crosses his feet, one above the other; the first points with forefinger of the right hand to the center of the palm of the left, the other with the forefinger of the left hand points to the center of the palm of the right; the first then with his right hand makes a circle around his head, touching it; the other then with the forefinger of his left hand touches the left side of his body just below his heart; the first then with his right hand draws it across the throat of the other, and the latter then with a dagger down the stomach and abdomen of the first. The first then says Iustum; and the other answers Necar; the first Reges. The other answers Impious.” (The meaning of which has already been explained.) “The first will then present a small piece of paper folded in a peculiar manner, four times, which the other will cut longitudinally and on opening the name Jesu will be found written upon the head and arms of a cross three times. You will then give and receive with him the following questions and answers:
Question —From whither do you come? Answer — The Holy faith.
- —Whom do you serve?
- —The Holy Father at Rome, the Pope, and the Roman Catholic Church Universal throughout the world.
- —Who commands you?
- —The Successor of St. Ignatius Loyola, the founder of the Society of Jesus or the Soldiers of Jesus Christ.
- —Who received you? A. —A venerable man in white hair.
- —With a naked dagger, I kneeling upon the cross beneath the banners of the Pope and of our sacred order.
- —Did you take an oath?
- —I did, to destroy heretics and their governments and rulers, and to spare neither age, sex nor condition. To be as a corpse without any opinion or will of my own, but to implicitly obey my Superiors in all things without hesitation of murmuring.
- —Will you do that? A. —I will.
- —How do you travel? A. —In the bark of Peter the fisherman.
- —Whither do you travel? A. —To the four quarters of the globe. Q. —For what purpose?
- —To obey the orders of my general and Superiors and execute the will of the Pope and faithfully fulfill the conditions of my oaths.
- —Go ye, then, into all the world and take possession of all lands in the name of the Pope. He who will not accept him as the Vicar of Jesus and his Vice-regent on earth, let him be accursed and exterminated.”
This oath is taken from the book Subterranean Rome by Carlos Didier, translated from the French and published in New York in 1843. Dr. Alberto Rivera escaped from the Jesuit Order in 1967, and he describes his Jesuit oath in exactly the same way as it appears in this book. Semper idem: always the same.
The Jesuit Oath of Induction is also recorded in the Congressional Record of the U.S. (House Bill 1523, Contested election case of Eugene C. Bonniwell, against Thos. S. Butler, Feb. 15, 1913, pp. 3215-3216)
Alberto Ribera taking the Jesuit oath.
This oath is taken from the book Subterranean Rome by Carlos Didier, translated from the French and published in New York in 1843. Dr. Alberto Rivera escaped from the Jesuit Order in 1967, and he describes his Jesuit oath in exactly the same way as it appears in this book. Semper idem: always the same.
The Jesuit Oath of Induction is also recorded in the Congressional Record of the U.S. (House Bill 1523, Contested election case of Eugene C. Bonniwell, against Thos. S. Butler, Feb. 15, 1913, pp. 3215-3216).